Super User

Super User

Friday, 28 February 2020 06:35

Top 5 running injuries

Every runner considers injuries to be their nemesis. These can vary from minor niggles to fractures and can side line runners from their practice, performance and passion for days, weeks or sometimes even months leading to them requiring rehabilitation and graded return to running.  

Within musculoskeletal physiotherapy, adherence to exercise programs is a challenge and generally adherence has been reported to be in the range of 50% and can be even lower for unsupervised home exercise programs. If you don't take your medicine, its likely not to have its desired effect. Similarly, if you do not adhere to the prescribed exercise program, it is likely that effect of exercise program will be sub-optimal. 

Friday, 28 February 2020 06:31

Running doesn't ruin your knees

It has been a long standing myth amongst non-runners that running (specially long distance running e.g. marathons) can cause arthritis and damage the knees. Infact one of my friends who is an ergonomist and occupational therapist also said the same thing to me. She is an ardent cyclist and swears that pounding the knees on the roads is not her idea of exercise as its going to have a significant impact on her knees and leave her with early onset of osteoarthritis in the knee. She has even encouraged me to consider giving up running and take up cycling as an exercise instead as it is potentially less strenuous for the knees.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease - disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain, peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs, rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria, congenital heart disease - malformations of heart structure existing at birth deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.

As pain alleviation is one of the principal therapeutic outcomes for musculoskeletal physiotherapists, it is imperative that we are able to accurately evaluate and measure pain.

Introduction – Musculoskeletal physiotherapy is a specialist area of professional physiotherapy practice concerned with the assessment, diagnosis and management of the musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. The main aims of musculoskeletal physiotherapy are to reduce pain, maintain/regain joint movement, and maximize function and health-related quality of life without adverse effects, enabling people to cope better with ill health.

Introduction: Shoulder pain along with subsequent restriction of movement is a common clinical presentation in both the sporting and general populations.Compromised shoulder movement due to pain, stiffness or weakness can cause substantial disability and affect a person’s ability to carry out daily activities and work.One year prevalence of shoulder pain has been reported between 5% and 47% . Conditions that can contribute to the clinical picture of a painful stiff shoulder (PSS) include calcific tendinitis (acute & chronic), non calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff (acute & chronic), bicipital tenosynovitis, arthrosis of the glenohumeral or the acromioclavicular joint, tear of the rotator cuff, sprain of rotator cuff & synovitis.

Friday, 28 February 2020 06:19

Low Back Pain: Focus On Self-Management

Low back pain is a major health problem around the world which accounts for considerable socioeconomic and healthcare burden. The life time incidence of LBP has been reported between 60-80% (Twomey 2000; O’Sullivan 2005) and out of these incidents in about 80-90% cases pain subsides within first 2-3 months and rest of the patients (around 10-20%) develop chronic pain syndromes (Carey et al 2000). Chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients comprises 73-77% of all the patients with lower back pain disorders. In about 85% of these patients the exact cause and diagnosis is still elusive (Main and Watson 1999) and classified as non specific chronic lower back pain (NSCLBP) (Waddell 2004).

There is always a bit of initial resistance. Always. Any idea or change is always resisted at first. People like routine in their lives and we all know the property of inertia in matter. That equally applies to individuals as well. There are some great examples of scepticism, resistance and inertia against products we now take for granted in our life.

Friday, 28 February 2020 06:16

Getting started with physiotherapy research

The word ‘research’ has a certain mystique about it. To most of the people outside the research community, it represents an activity that is exclusive to an elite group of scientists. The perception of a researcher is one detached from the outer world, isolated in his laboratory or scholarly library. This was certainly the image in my mind as I embarked on my physiotherapy career. Over the years, this has not only been dispelled, I am now able to introduce myself to general public as a researcher. So in the next few articles in this series, I will aim to unravel some of the myths about research as well as focus on practical research methods. 

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